of the Breed
Dobermann was born in 1834, became a rent and tax collector and served
during the evening hours as a police officer in the town of Apolda,
in the state of Thuringia, in the south-central part of Germany. In 1889,
while also keeper of the local dog pound, he decided to try his hand at
breeding the perfect guard dog, the kind of dogs he felt would serve as
a protector for him as he made his rounds. He is, quite rightly, credited
with orginating the breed that is named after him, but he died in 1894.
|The early promotion
and stabilisation of the Dobermann was the work of mainly Göller (v
Thüringen), Tischler (v Grönland) and Krumbholz (v Ilm-Athen).
These three kennel names are found in the 'fountainheads' of the breed.
The dogs bred and owned by F.L. Dobermann were working dogs useful, sharp
and vicious. He was not interested in the conformation side of the dog
as long the temperament answered his dream. So Dobermann did not keep any
records of the crosses that he did. He just used any dog that was strong
and of the desired character. He could select them from large numbers of
dogs and used any he fancied for breeding.
|Mr. Otto Göller,
the owner of a liqueur factory in Apolda was born in 1852 and died in 1922.
He had of course met F.L. Dobermann and his dogs and found them very attractive.
He was the very great architect and sponsor of the breed and though his
efforts the breed was oficially recognised by the German kennel Club in
1900. On 1899 on the 27th of August O. Göller founded The Dobermann
Pinscher Club Apolda. (It later became the National Dobermamnn Pinscher
Club of Germany).
|It was clear
that by that time the breed needed a name. Dogs bred by Herr Dobermann
had already been given various names for examble Thurigian pinschers, Bellings
etc. At the time whenever Herr Dobermann saw a sharp black and tan mongrel
he said "that's my dog". Which led people from outside Apolda to refer
to Herr Dobermann's dogs as "Dobermanns". At the dog market in Apolda dog
people spoke about the pinschers of Dobermann (Dobermann's Pinschers).
Out of respect for all the work done by Herr Dobermann it was clear to
O. Göller and his friends that the name of Dobermann should be connected
with the breed forever. In Germany at that time there were only Hunting
dogs, Sheperd dogs, Butcher dogs and Pinschers and therefore it was decided
that the new breed schould called The Dobermann Pinscher.
who was born on 18.1.1859 in Apolda and died in 1939 was one of the patriarchs
of the dobermann breed and was possibly the most important breeder of his
time. Not only had he the advantage of seeing how the breed developed but
also the opportunity to play a part in its evolution. Tischlers contribution
to breed was of great value. He bred under the name "v. Grönland"
after a street in his home town. He was close friend of O. Göller
and they exchanged dogs.
|The very infulental
sires Graf Belling and his brother
von Grönland were both bred in his kennel part of the well known five-star-litter.
|It is, perhaps,
difficult to say exactly when the first of the dogs from the early crosses
was called a Dobermann, or Dobermannpinscher. Certainly, a few Dobermanns
were to be found at the first German dog show at Erfurt in 1897, and in
increasing numbers at subsequent shows. By 1900, there was some degree
of uniformity in breed type, and the Dobermann soon became accepted as
a new breed. Among the earliest Dobermanns was Alarich
v Thüringen the maternal gransire of (Landgraf) Sighart v Thüringen
(1900). Alarich was known his extreme
sharpness, and was feared accordingly. A descendant of Sighart was
v Thüringen (1904), of whom Grüning wrote, 'Let the name
be written in letters of fire', because of his
history of dobermann - Finnish Dobermann Club - Breeding Organization Homepage
dobermannin historiaa - SDY - Jalostustoimikunnan sivuilla
Pedigrees - Finland